This research project examines the role of the United Fruit Company (UFCO) as a motivator of United States (U.S.) orchestration of the 1954 Guatemalan coup. Though many historians focus on the Cold War geopolitical reasons for intervention, fewer consider the importance of UFCO economic interests in leading U.S. policymakers to plan and carry out the overthrow of the democratically elected President of Guatemala. There were many complex factors that contributed, but the power of UFCO in Guatemala and its importance in the U.S. point more to economic motives. My project draws on three historiographical works, along with primary sources like speeches from U.S. and Guatemalan officials, CIA reports of meetings between U.S. and Guatemalan government personnel, and an interview with a Guatemalan man who experienced the Guatemalan Revolution and 1954 coup. Through evaluating all of these views, the role of economic interests becomes clearer. Having a fuller picture of why the U.S. chose to orchestrate this coup can give us a better understanding of its complex relationship with Latin America and Cold War history more generally.